Glossary


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D

Deck Charge

Charges placed above a base charge at preselected intervals and which are completely separated from the base charge and each other.

Decomposition

Decomposition

The separation of a substance into simpler substances or basic elements. Decomposition can be brought about by exposure to heat, light, or chemical or biological activity.

The chemical decomposition of an explosive may take years, days, hours, or a fraction of a second. The slower processes of decomposition take place in storage and are of interest only from a stability standpoint. Of more interest are the two rapid forms of decomposition, deflagration and detonation.

Decoupled Explosive

A decoupled explosive is one that does not fill the blast hole. Decoupling is achieved by loading packages or tubes of explosives of a smaller diameter than the drill hole.

Decoupling is used to reduce the energy delivered by a blast hole. Both the reduced amount of explosives and the air-gap around the product are effective in reducing blast hole pressures.

Decoupled charges are commonly used when presplitting with drill holes up to 115mm in diameter.

powersplit

Typical continuous packaged explosives loaded as a decoupled charge into a presplit.

Deflagration

Deflagration is a term describing subsonic combustion propagating through heat transfer; hot burning material heats the next layer of cold material and ignites it. Most "fire" found in daily life, from flames to explosions, is deflagration. Deflagration is different from detonation, which is supersonic and propagates through shock.

 Deflagration is a rapid high energy release combustion event that propagates through a gas or an explosive material at subsonic speeds, driven by the transfer of heat.

Delay Detonator

A detonator which contains a delay device designed to fire at a fixed interval after ignition.

Delay Element

pyrotechnic substance contained within a metal jacket which causes a delay between the instant application of energy
and the time of detonation of the base charge of the detonator.

Delay Time

The lapse of time between the application of a firing signal and the detonation of the base charge of a delay detonator.

Delay Train

Combination of delay elements within a detonator.

Dependent and Independent Holes

Where hole B requires hole A to have fired to provide the necessary relief then hole B is dependent on Hole A.

dependent hole glossary

Detonating Cord

A flexible cord with a solid core of high explosives, commonly PETN.

cordtex t


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Skip Manage Drill and Blast Operations 5 DAY MASTERCLASS